Surfrider Foundation v. Martins Beach 1, LLC
For decades the owners of the coastal property in San Mateo County south of Half Moon Bay allowed the public to park on their land for a $2 fee in order to access Martins Beach. The owners installed a convenience store and public restrooms and advertised access to the beach. But eventually they could no longer afford the cost of maintaining the operation and the owners sold the property to a management company. The company intended to continue the parking operation, but wanted to raise the parking fee to cover some much-needed improvements. San Mateo County told the company it must charge the same for access as the prior owners had in 1973. With no other alternative other than to run a money-losing operation, the company chose to shut it down.
The public has no right to park on private property, but an organization called the Friends of Martins Beach nonetheless sued the company, claiming that the “public trust” doctrine gives everyone a constitutional right to access the beachfront private property. Under this doctrine, the state holds title to navigable waters and the “wet” beach, up to the mean high tide line, for people to use for navigation, fishing, and recreation. But the state has no claim on the “dry” beach. Private owners therefore may prevent trespassing on their dry sand beach property. If the public has the right to cross the private property in this case, the fundamental right to exclude trespassers from private property would mean very little to beachfront property owners statewide. They would be unable to keep the public from using their land as a right-of-way to the water. As amicus, PLF urges the Court of Appeal to respect the right to exclude trespassers as one of the most important components of constitutionally-protected private property rights.