My own anecdotal evidence would support the authors’ conclusions. But I would disagree with the authors that combining “democracy” and the ESA is necessarily a good thing. For example, some environmental groups recently have submitted “mega petitions” that seek the listing of hundreds of species at a time. The Service obviously cannot respond to these petitions in a timely manner, so these groups seek judicial enforcement, obtain a friendly settlement, and collect sometimes not-insignificant attorney’s fees. Further, I suspect that even the authors would recognize that the ESA petitioning process often leads to “pretextual listings,” meaning that the species is being protected not to preserve some anthrocentric value but rather to impede an productive human activity. I’m quite certain that Congress did not intend the ESA to be the chosen tool of NIMBYS and anti-growth groups, and yet such a fate has befallen the Act, in large measure due to the petitioning process that these authors laud.