San Diego; July 30, 2019: Employees can’t be forced to pay a union to work in public service, and the state can’t withhold information from employees about their constitutional rights. That’s what two University of California employees argue in a lawsuit filed today in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California against state officials and Teamsters Local 2010.

Last summer, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Janus v. ASFCME that government employees cannot be required to pay union dues or fees as a condition of employment. Following the decision, Mike Jackson and Tory Smith — both parking staff members at the University of California, San Diego — tried to leave Teamsters Local 2010. The union refused their requests, and when the two asked the university for help in the matter, they were told that California state law prohibited the university from talking to them about their constitutional rights.

Under SB 866 — which was signed into law by Gov. Jerry Brown the same day the Supreme Court issued the Janus opinion — state employers like UCSD are prohibited from giving truthful information to their employees about their constitutional rights to refrain from becoming or remaining a union member.

Jackson and Smith are challenging the law, as well as the Teamsters’ insistence that they remain members against their will, in federal court.

“I love my job and working at UCSD, but I don’t want to be part of the union,” Jackson says. “They’re taking hundreds of dollars from my paycheck every year to push their own agenda. I don’t feel like they represent me. I shouldn’t be forced to be a member of the union if I don’t want to be.”

Jackson and Smith are represented free of charge by Pacific Legal Foundation and the Liberty Justice Center. The Liberty Justice Center also represented Mark Janus before the Supreme Court. Jackson was first referred to the Liberty Justice Center by the California Policy Center, which educates workers about their First Amendment rights.

“The Supreme Court held in Janus that public employees cannot be forced to join or pay money to a union,” said Jeffrey M. Schwab, senior attorney at the Liberty Justice Center. “The Teamsters and the university are violating Mike Jackson and Tory Smith’s constitutional rights by preventing them from leaving the union until 2022.”

“Public employees must give clear permission before any money is taken from them to support a union,” said PLF attorney Timothy Snowball. “California can’t hide this fact from them, and the state cannot stop employers from sharing truthful information with employees about their constitutional rights. There’s no justification for this law.

The case is Jackson v. Napolitano. More information about this case is available at and

About the Liberty Justice Center

The Liberty Justice Center is a nonprofit, nonpartisan public-interest litigation center that was founded to fight against political privilege. The most notable example of the Liberty Justice Center’s success in this arena is its 2018 U.S. Supreme Court victory in Janus v. AFSCME. Beyond its work in the Janus case, the Liberty Justice Center’s team of talented, liberty-minded attorneys are also fighting to protect economic liberty, private property rights, free speech and other fundamental rights. The Liberty Justice Center pursues its goals through strategic, precedent-setting litigation to revitalize constitutional restraints on government power and protections for individual rights. Learn more about the Liberty Justice Center’s fight to restore workers’ First Amendment rights at and about the organization itself at


Jackson v. Napolitano - Complaint
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About Pacific Legal Foundation

Pacific Legal Foundation is a national nonprofit law firm that defends Americans threatened by government overreach and abuse. Since our founding in 1973, we challenge the government when it violates individual liberty and constitutional rights. With active cases in 34 states plus Washington, D.C., PLF represents clients in state and federal courts, with 18 wins of 20 cases litigated at the U.S. Supreme Court.

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