Press Release

Kaiden Johnson challenges Minnesota’s discriminatory ban on boys in high school dance

Superior, Wisconsin; November 14, 2017: Sophomore Kaiden Johnson is a valued member of the varsity competitive dance team at Superior High School. But at a dance meet across the state line in Duluth last year, he was forbidden from taking part—because the Minnesota State High School League classifies dance as a “girls only” sport.

Now, Kaiden has challenged Minnesota’s discriminatory policy as a violation of Title IX, which bars public schools from excluding students from sports and other extra-curricular activities based on their sex. Joined by Pacific Legal Foundation, Kaiden has asked the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights to ensure that any boy who wants to participate in high school dance in Minnesota has the opportunity to do so.

“The Minnesota league cannot continue to discriminate by banning boys from competitive dancing,” said PLF Senior Attorney Joshua Thompson. “Title IX’s requirement for equal opportunity for all students, regardless of sex, is crystal clear. Schools cannot tell either boys or girls, ‘you’re the wrong sex, therefore, no dancing for you.’

“This mandate for equal rights is a core principle of the Constitution as well,” he continued. “Therefore, we are weighing our options for legal action in the courts in addition to our Title IX complaint with the Department of Education.”

Kaiden’s decision to bring this challenge reflects his own beliefs. He has loved dancing since he was young, and for years he persevered in the face of taunts from his peers. “When I started dancing at five years old, I knew then and there it was something I really wanted to pursue,” he said. “I believe everybody should have the right to do what they want and what they love. I don’t believe it should be based on whether you’re a boy or a girl.”

“PLF fights for everyone’s right to equal protection under the law,” said PLF President and CEO Steven D. Anderson. “Government discrimination isn’t just wrong, it is flatly prohibited by statutes like Title IX and fundamental guarantees of the Constitution. We look forward to vindicating these vital principles.”

More information can be found at:

About Pacific Legal Foundation
PLF litigates nationwide to secure all Americans’ inalienable rights to live responsibly and productively in their pursuit of happiness. PLF combines strategic and principled litigation, communications, and research to achieve landmark court victories enforcing the Constitution’s guarantee of individual liberty.

Case Attorneys

Joshua P. Thompson

Senior Attorney

Joshua Thompson joined Pacific Legal Foundation in August 2007. He primarily litigates cases involving equality under the law, economic liberty, school choice, and coastal land rights. Joshua was raised in … ›

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Anastasia P. Boden


Anastasia Boden is an attorney in PLF’s Economic Liberty Project, where she challenges anti-competitive licensing laws and laws that restrict freedom of speech. Anastasia’s practice largely consists of representing entrepreneurs … ›

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Case Commentary

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By James S. Burling

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