Press Release

PLF files appeal in challenge to Plumas National Forest road closures

SACRAMENTO, CA;  April 5, 2017:  Pacific Legal Foundation today appealed to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in its challenge to vast restrictions that have been imposed on recreational access to Northern California’s Plumas National Forest.

PLF represents Butte County and Plumas County, along with associations and individuals committed to public access for responsible recreational use.  Appellants include a disabled woman whose ability to access the forest has been dramatically curtailed.

Initially filed in March, 2015, the suit targets the U.S. Forest Service’s 2010 decision to close off thousands of roads and trails which have long been used for motorized travel and recreation.  Today’s appeal follows an adverse ruling from the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California.

At issue is the unlawful way that the Service, seven years ago, implemented its 2005 Travel Management Rule.  That rule called for formal designation of the trails and roads available for motorized use in national forests.  The Service excluded thousands of roads and trails in Plumas National Forest that had been used by the public for generations.

Feds illegally imposed an anti-access agenda

These access restrictions violate the law in two ways.  First, the Service flouted the National Environmental Policy Act’s requirement that decisions affecting the environment must be analyzed for both positive and negative impacts, and alternative policies also be examined.  The Service failed to perform such analysis for most of the 1,100 miles in road closures.

Second, the Service violated its own Travel Management Rule by failing to “coordinate” in a meaningful way with affected local governments before declaring which routes could stay open.

“By effectively fencing off more than a thousand miles of roads and trails from recreational motorized use, the Forest Service adopted an anti-access mentality that undercuts the rights of the public and the commands of the law,” said PLF Senior Attorney Damien Schiff.  “These sweeping road closures were imposed in an arbitrary way, without the careful study and local-government input that were required.  Whether this slipshod process reflects carelessness or agenda-driven intent, the unfair and unlawful result cannot be allowed to stand.”

Appellants:  individuals, associations, and government jurisdictions

In this lawsuit defending public access to Plumas National Forest, PLF represents, free of charge:

Amy Granat, Managing Director of the California Off-Road Vehicle Association.  She has an autoimmune disease known as pemphigus vulgaris, which required her to undergo chemotherapy, causing infections in her legs and limiting her ability to walk.  As a disabled person, Ms. Granat uses multiple forms of motorized recreation to enjoy a myriad of activities in Plumas National Forest.  Because of the Forest Service’s action, she is now foreclosed from accessing some of her favorite parts of Plumas National Forest that are accessible to her only by motor vehicle.  She cannot access those areas on crutches, by wheelchair, by cane, or by using braces on her legs, even with the help of her long-time service dog.

“When you’re disabled and can’t walk like everybody else can, the only avenue open to you, to do it, is in a vehicle,” said Ms. Granat.  “We have to bring fairness back.  We have to insist that it is part of our right to be able to access public land in an environmentally responsible way.  The beauty that is inherent in this American landscape has been closed off to so many people now.”

Sierra Access Coalition, headquartered in Quincy, California, with a mission to preserve environmentally sound roads and trails for responsible public use.  It is composed of more than 1,450 individuals, user groups, and local businesses that work to protect access to public lands for diverse uses including cutting and retrieving firewood, hunting, fishing, camping, hiking, viewing wildlife and plants, rockhounding, horseback riding, driving jeeps and trucks, riding bicycles, motorcycles, and off-road vehicles, and other recreational and aesthetic activities.

Corky Lazzarino, Executive Director of Sierra Access Coalition.  Ms. Lazzarino resides in Quincy.  Plumas National Forest is a significant part of Ms. Lazzarino’s life.  Her uses of the forest include riding her jeep, rockhounding, cutting firewood, fishing, hiking, camping, exploring new places, and enjoying viewing wildlife, historical sites, and scenic forest areas.

California Off-Road Vehicle Association, a nonprofit organization with approximately 3,000 members.  It advocates for responsible recreation on public lands, promotes community involvement in the planning process, and educates for responsible outdoor recreation.  Members have provided thousands of volunteer hours maintaining Plumas National Forest trails and roads.

Butte County.  Approximately 100,000 acres of Plumas National Forest are located within Butte County.  By blocking motorized use of thousands of roads and trails previously open for motorized travel, the Forest Service is depriving residents of popular recreational activities, undermining tourism, and depriving the county of revenue related to logging.

Plumas County.  Approximately 975,000 acres of Plumas National Forest are located within Plumas County.  Its residents will no longer be able to enjoy the closed-off routes for motorized recreational purposes, and revenues related to tourism and logging will be lost.

About Pacific Legal Foundation
Pacific Legal Foundation, America’s most powerful ally for justice, litigates in courts nationwide for limited government, property rights, individual liberty, and a balanced approach to environmental regulations.  PLF represents all clients free of charge.

Case Attorneys

Damien M. Schiff

Senior Attorney

Currently a Senior Attorney at Pacific Legal Foundation, Damien joined PLF in 2005.  His practice has focused on federal and state environmental and land-use issues.  Damien was counsel of record … ›

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Oliver J. Dunford


Oliver Dunford joined PLF’s office in Sacramento in March 2017. He litigates across the country to defend and advance individual liberty and the rule of law. Oliver’s cases involve the … ›

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Jeremy Talcott


Jeremy Talcott joined the Pacific Legal Foundation in 2016. He focuses on property rights, administrative law, and the separation of powers and federalism principles that (ought to) define American government. … ›

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Case Commentary

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By Oliver J. Dunford

Still fighting to keep public lands open to all

Yesterday, we filed our reply brief in Granat v USDA, where we ask the court to review the US Forest Service’s decision to close thousands of previously available roads and trails to motorized travel in Plumas National Forest Federal law requires the Forest Service, before deciding about road-closings in national forests, to consider meaningful alternatives and to coordinate with local governments As we explained in our opening brief, however, the Service’s “alternative” analysis failed to consider more than 700 of the then-existing 1,100 miles of roads and trails in Plumas Further, the Service’s idea of “coordination” with our clients Plumas and Butte Counties was—as the Service itself acknowledged—nothing more than

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By Oliver J. Dunford

PLF files appeal to guarantee public access to public forest

Today in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, we filed our Opening Brief in Granat v USDA, where we challenge the United States Forest Service’s order closing thousands of previously available roads and trails to motorized travel in Plumas National Forest PLF represents individuals, recreational organizations, and local governments negatively impacted by the Forest Service’s decision to ban citizens from lawfully enjoying the natural beauty and recreational opportunities that had been permitted for generations For example, our client Amy Granat, because of a disability, can access her favorite spots only by motor vehicle The Service’s order therefore effectively bans Amy from what is after all a public forest

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By Damien M. Schiff

Appeal filed in forest access case

Today, we filed our notice of appeal in Granat v USDA, a challenge to the Forest Service’s massive route-closure initiative on the Plumas National Forest in northeastern California In 2005, the Forest Service promulgated a Travel Management Rule The Rule’s purpose was to formalize and combine the existing network of legally authorized government- and user-created routes on national forests throughout the country Unfortunately for the Plumas National Forest, the Forest Service used the Rule to embark on an anti-access campaign, ultimately choosing to close hundreds of miles of user-created routes Exacerbating this bad policy decision is the fact that the environmental impact statement accompanying the Forest Service’s shut-down

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