After 22 years, government compensates PLF client for taking use of property
This case began in 1994, when the St. Johns River Water Management District told Koontz that if he wanted a permit to build on 3.7 acres of his vacant property, he would have to dedicate the remaining 10.5 acres to conservation and spend up to $150,000 repairing government property miles away from his land. Mr. Koontz refused to agree to repair government property that had no relationship to his proposed development. As a result, the District denied Mr. Koontz a permit.
Mr. Koontz sued, died mid-litigation, and his son Coy Koontz, Jr, carried on, because it’s what his father wanted. In 2006, the trial court awarded Koontz damages for the time that the District illegally denied Mr. Koontz his permit and thus productive use of his property. But the District appealed and seemed to prevail when it convinced the Florida Supreme Court that the Constitution does not protect property owners from extortionate demands for money. But against the odds, Pacific Legal Foundation convinced the United States Supreme Court to review the decision. The Court granted the petition and held in favor of Mr. Koontz, explaining “Extortionate demands for property in the land use permitting context run afoul of the Takings Clause . . . .”
The Supreme Court remanded the case back to Florida courts in 2013 to decide whether Mr. Koontz was entitled to damages. Unsurprisingly, the Fifth District Court of Appeal affirmed the trial court’s damages award. The District dug in its heels and appealed, but last month, the Florida Supreme Court finally denied the appeal. And Wednesday, the District finally paid more than $600,000 in just compensation for the temporary taking—about half of which is interest for all these years waiting. This is a nice post-script to a 22-year drama.
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St. Johns River Water Management District v. Koontz
Coy A. Koontz sought to develop commercial land, most of which lies within a riparian habitat protection zone in Orange County, Florida. He applied for a dredge and fill permit with the St. Johns Water Management District, which agreed to grant the permit only on the condition that he place a conservation easement over his land, and perform mitigation off-site by replacing culverts and plugging certain drainage canals on distant District-owned properties. When Koontz refused to perform the off-site mitigation, St. Johns denied the permit. PLF successfully represented Koontz before the U.S. Supreme Court, which held that a land-use agency cannot condition a permit on the payment of a mitigation fee to be used to pay for facilities that have no connection to the impacts of the permitted development.Read more