John M. Groen

Executive Vice President and General Counsel Washington

John Groen has extensive experience in public interest litigation before all levels of federal and state courts.  He began his law career with Pacific Legal Foundation in 1987 and launched the PLF Bellevue office in 1992.  After nine years on staff, he shifted to private practice and formed Groen, Stephens & Klinge LLP in Bellevue, Washington, where he litigated land use issues and takings claims arising from government regulation of private property.  Many of his cases are now leading appellate decisions that have shaped significant aspects of land use law in Washington.

In 2006, John campaigned statewide challenging the incumbent Chief Justice for election to the Washington Supreme Court.  Although he lost a very close election, the experience was invaluable.  In particular, John appreciated the many volunteers and new friends he made during the campaign.

After 19 years in private practice, and two years as a Trustee on the PLF Board of Trustees, John realized it was time to return to his passion for public interest law in support of private property rights.  In 2015, he resigned from his law practice and began his second tour as a PLF litigator.  Two years later, on behalf of the Murr family, he argued Murr v. Wisconsin before the United States Supreme Court.

John lives in Leavenworth, Washington, which is a small “Bavarian themed” tourist town on the eastern slope of the Cascade Mountains.  He enjoys the tourists, but refuses to wear lederhosen.  John admits he is a bit of a golf addict.  Despite a marginal handicap that never improves, he says there is nothing quite like a walk on a beautiful course, whether solitary or with friends.

John is a 1981 graduate of Claremont McKenna College and received his law degree from McGeorge School of Law.  As he looks to the future, John is particularly excited about seeing young PLF attorneys embracing the cause for liberty.  He says their dedication and exceptional talent will ensure that PLF’s mission to defend constitutional rights and liberty will thrive.

Casino Reinvestment Development Authority v. Birnbaum

Atlantic City should lose its gamble to take private property rights

Charlie Birnbaum’s family lives in Atlantic City. A casino coveted their land so the New Jersey Casino Reinvestment Development Authority (CRDA) decided to take the Birnbaums’ home and give it to the casino, ostensibly to benefit the state’s economy. Birnbaum sued because giving his property to a privately-owned casino is not a le ...

Chelan Basin Conservancy v. GBI Holding Company

The public trust doctrine is not an all-encompassing conservation easement

Along the shore of Washington’s Lake Chelan, a large fill known as “Three Fingers” has been in place since 1961. The placement of this fill was retroactively authorized by the state’s Shoreline Management Act, which grants consent and authorizes impairment of public rights of navigation, fishing, and recreation caused by fil ...

Brott v. United States

Jury trial sought in rails-to-trails regulatory takings case

Kevin Brott owns land in Muskegon, Michigan. In 1886, a railroad obtained a right-of-way easement across his land. When the railroad ceased operation, the easement terminated and full ownership of the land returned to the owner. The federal government, however, invoking the National Trails System Act and related regulations, nullified Brott’s ...

Murr v. Wisconsin

Wisconsin undermines property rights by “merging” separate lots

The Murr family owned two separately deeded lots that were purchased independently by their parents in the 1960s. They built a small cabin on one lot and held the other one as an investment for the future. But when the time came to sell, subsequently enacted regulations forbade the Murrs from making any productive use of the vacant lot – and with ...

Lynch v. California Coastal Commission

California erodes landowners’ right to protect their property and their ability to challenge government action

The Lynch family sought permission from the California Coastal Commission to repair a storm-damaged seawall and stairway that led from their home at the top of a bluff down to the beach. The Commission permitted the seawall restoration with a condition that they seek an additional permit in the future, and denied the permit for the stairway. To pro ...

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October 13, 2021

Despite a pandemic and excess local regulation, food truck owner Mark Shirley refuses to abandon his dream

No one ever starts a business with the intent to fail. But thanks to Farmville, North Carolina's new food truck regulations, one man's burgeoning business stands in jeopardy. It takes a great deal of courage to leave your established career and follow your bliss, but that is exactly what Mark Shirley did. For years, Mark ...

October 07, 2021

Malibu is refusing to abide by California’s new housing laws, and one family is suffering as a result

For the entirety of Elizabeth Riddick's life, her mother Renee has been her rock. Whether she was supporting Elizabeth through her divorce or helping her purchase a home in Malibu, California, Renee has been there for her daughter through thick and thin. When Renee, now 82, began to develop severe health issues, Elizabeth sprang into ...

October 06, 2021

Real Clear Policy: Minnesota’s unjust home equity theft must end

While Minnesota is often called the land of 10,000 lakes, local governments today treat it as the land of 10,000 takes. Between 2014 and 2020, Minnesota counties took thousands of homes and millions of dollars in savings from residents struggling to pay their tax bills. This was unjust and unconstitutional. Consider the story of Ms. ...

October 06, 2021

When are T-shirts considered prohibited electioneering?

Elections end, but T-shirts can live forever. Until last week, Texas law prohibited voters from wearing an Obama or Reagan T-shirt in polling places, even when neither past president was on a present ballot. In fact, the law prohibited voters from wearing anything that an election worker deemed "electioneering" for or against any candidate, politic ...

October 05, 2021

Capital Press: Supreme Court should guarantee property owners their due process rights

The free, non-harmful, and productive use of private property is a cornerstone of the American Dream. And proper regulation, to prevent harmful uses of property, is consistent with this principle. But government agencies too often abuse their regulatory authority. They issue compliance orders, drag landowners through seemingly endless administrativ ...

October 04, 2021

Bureaucrats can’t ignore presidential appointments

Have you ever wondered what happens when a lame duck president appoints someone to a position that extends into the next president's term? Typically, once the new president takes office, he can remove appointees of past administrations and replace them with people he believes will advance the policy agenda of the White House. But what ...

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