In 2009, Elliot and Linda Feltner inherited a small body shop in Cleveland, Ohio, from Elliot’s mechanic father-in-law. Soon after, Linda was diagnosed with cancer and died three years later.
Elliot couldn’t afford the steep tax debt, so rather than lose the property to foreclosure, he tried to sell it. Unfortunately, his efforts were delayed for two years due to back surgery and rehabilitation in Kentucky. When he returned home to Ohio and resumed his search for a buyer, he learned that Cuyahoga County had already taken his property.
The county then gave the property to the County Land Bank—which, in turn, gave it to a private business for the steeply discounted price of $15,000.
Ohio normally sells tax-delinquent property to the highest bidder, pays the debts, and refunds any remaining proceeds to the former owner. State law, however, allows the county to skip that process in cases like Elliot’s when a county-sponsored land bank requests the property. Therefore, even though Elliot’s property value was $80,000 more than the tax debt, the county neither paid Elliot for his lost equity nor collected any of the taxes owed.
Ohio’s land bank system is an exception to the normal tax foreclosure process. Although the land bank claims it ultimately furthers the goals of property tax collection, it’s a recipe for cronyism, benefitting connected and shrewd individuals at the expense of struggling owners and taxpayers. In this case, Feltner’s property was given to a neighboring business—whose owner ironically had been previously convicted of stealing $101,000 in sales tax through that business, according to Ohio newspapers.
The Ohio Supreme Court denied Elliot’s claims that the county violated his Fifth Amendment right to just compensation and the requirement that government only take property for public use. Represented by PLF free of charge, Elliot asked the U.S. Supreme Court to reverse the Ohio Supreme Court and uphold his constitutional right to be paid for his equity. However, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the case in March 2021.
More than a dozen states take a windfall when seizing property over delinquent taxes. Ohio’s tax foreclosures normally don’t allow home equity theft, but the land bank system is a predatory and unnecessary exception. PLF is working to end home equity theft nationwide.